Carboxylic acids are organic compounds which incorporate a carboxyl functional group, CO 2 H. The name carboxyl comes from the fact that a carbonyl and a hydroxyl group are attached to the same carbon. As shown in the following table, these long-chain carboxylic acids are usually …
A fourth bond links the carbon atom to a hydrogen (H) atom or to some other univalent combining group.
Carboxylic acid, any of a class of organic compounds in which a carbon (C) atom is bonded to an oxygen (O) atom by a double bond and to a hydroxyl group (―OH) by a single bond. Simple alkyl carboxylic acids, composed of four to ten carbon atoms, are liquids or low melting solids having very unpleasant odors.
Carboxylic acids are widespread in nature, often combined with other functional groups.
The fatty acids are important components of the biomolecules known as lipids, especially fats and oils.
The carboxyl group is a functional group that contains a carbon–oxygen double bond and an OH group also attached to the same carbon atom, but it has characteristic properties of its own.
Organic compounds containing carboxyl functional group (-COOH) are called carboxylic acid In chemistry, the carboxyl group is an organic, functional group consisting of a carbon atom that's double-bonded to an oxygen atom and singly bonded to a hydroxyl group. As with aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acid formulas can be written to show the carbon-to-oxygen double bond explicitly, or the carboxyl group can be written in condensed form on one line. Smaller carboxylic acids (1 to 5 carbons) are soluble in water, whereas bigger carboxylic acids have limited solubility due to the increasing hydropho…
Together, the hydroxyl and carbonyl group form the functional group carboxyl. Carboxylic acids usually exist as dimers in nonpolar media due to their tendency to "self-associate".
Carboxylic acids are polar.
Thus, the carbonyl, C=O, and hydroxy, OH, of a carboxylic acid, RCOOH, are part of a single function and are NOT "alcohol-plus-ketone": A Couple of Words About The Functional Group Approach The functional group approach is 100% empirical in that it is determined by experiment and experience, and not by theory (unlike VSEPR, for example.) Another way to view it is as a carbonyl group (C=O) that has a hydroxyl group (O-H) attached to the carbon atom.
Because they are both hydrogen-bond acceptors (the carbonyl –C=O) and hydrogen-bond donors (the hydroxyl –OH), they also participate in hydrogen bonding. The carbon and oxygen in the carbonyl are both sp2 hybridized which give a carbonyl group a basic trigonal shape.
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